Articles

Duleep Singh's Residence At Fatehgarh

4/29/2011 10:31:01 AM

The Maharajah spent four years of his life at Fatehgarh in Uttar Pradesh, India, after he was removed from the Punjab in 1850.  On Peter Bance's recent visit he uncovered some monuments to the Maharajah's residence here between 1850-54.


Entrance to the Fatehgarh Cantonment, UP, India, which now houses the Rajput Regimental Centre and the Light Sikh Infantry.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Governor-General, Lord Dalhousie, decided to have the Maharajah removed from the Punjab, to the British camp in Fatehgarh.The Maharajah arrived at Fatehgarh on the 19 February 1850, and recalled how the local inhabitants showed sadness and sympathy towards him. The estate of the Maharajah was named ‘Fatehgarh Park.’ Dr Login bought all the bungalows within this area and broke down the compound walls, removed the out houses and converted all these small properties into one. In one of these houses Maharajah Duleep Singh lived himself.

 
 
Lena Login noted on her arrival, ‘Futtegarh [sic] Park was a strange comminglement of European and Oriental arrangement with several bungalows dotted over the estate, each surrounded by its own compound. The largest was occupied by the Maharajah and another by ourselves, the third by Rani Dukhno and her son. The remaining houses were allotted to native gentlemen in attendance.’
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Church at Fatehgarh,built after the original Church where the Maharajah was steered towards Christianity was destroyed in the Mutiny of 1857.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Europeans at the Camp were of the utmost religious, and followed the Christian faith with compassion. The Fatehgarh church was regularly full with congregations, and indirect influences of religion were poised towards the Maharajah.

 

 

 

The site of the Maharajah's bungalow at Fatehgarh. The bungalow was destroyed during the Mutiny of 1857 togther with the Maharajah's toshakhanna.

Sir JohnLogin purchased a number of bungalows at Fatehgarh Cantonment for the Maharajah's  establishment which became known as Fatehgarh Park. Of the original bungalows only two have survived.  

 

 

The estate of Maharaja Dhuleep Singh occupied an extent of 150 acres from Hospital Ghat [now the Rani Ghat] up to and including Bungalow Numbers 4 and 5.[ Bungalow No. 5 was raised to the ground in the Mutiny of 1857, on its site now stands the present Officers' Mess of the Rajput Regimental Centre]. Its compound was amalgamated and brought together for Duleep Singh in 1850. A road divided Bungalow No 5 from No 4 [it started exactly where the Officers' Mess gates now stand]. This road ran across a bridge, the ruins of which can still be seen. This whole area was full of houses up to 1850. The northern end of this area, overlooking Rani Ghat, was the enclosure of the Station Hospital. [The foundations of the buildings can be made out] Rani Ghat or Hospital Ghat was converted into a private road for Maharajah Duleep Singh’s sister-in-law Rani Dukhno.  

 

The original bungalow of Sir John Login, now the Officer's Mess for the Rajput Regiment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The original bungalow of Rani Dukhnu, the wife of Maharajah Sher Singh, Duleep Singh's half brother. Here the Rani lived with her young son Shahzada She Deo. The house overlooks the Ganges, and Duleep SIngh had a covered walkway built for his sister-in-law so that she could bathe daily in the Ganges in privacy. The bungalow is now the house of the Commander of the Cantonment.

 

Duleep Singh’s nephew Shahzadah Sheo Deo, a son of Maharajah Sher Singh accompanied him from Lahore along with the Shahzadah’s mother Rani Dukhno, the Rani’s brother Mian Otam and her uncleMiah Malik. Rani Dukhno was from an old Rajput family from the Kangra hills and her son Shahzadah Sheo Deo was only a few months old when her husband Maharajah Sher Singh was murdered. Mother and son resided in a pretty park within the Fatehgarh Park which she shared with her faithful uncle and brother who had shared her fortunes and accompanied her into what to them was exile. Shahzadah Sheo Deo slept at his mother’s house and took his meals there, but during the day was with the Maharajah in study and at play.
 
The Rani Dukhno seldom went out and lived quietly and simply with her relatives. Maharajah Duleep Singh paid her stated visits as the head of the family, and received by her unveiled in the presence of her relatives. Lady Login on her arrival recalled that the ‘Rani was a lovely young woman, tall and slender, graceful and very fair, but dressed in subdued colours befitting a widow, without ornament or jewel, the soft white muslin duputta draped over her head, its transparent folds shrouding the lower part of the beautiful face. ‘Hopes were entertained by the Rani’s people that Duleep Singh might take his brothers widow to wife - this being permitted by Sikh custom, but his behaviour gave no colour to this rumour, for he acknowledged her beauty, he did not seem attracted of her.’
 

 

 

 

 

The monument built for the Europeans killed including the wifes and children of the British officers during the Mutiny of 1857 which was captured by the Mutineers, The Maharajah's steward Col Elliott was amongst those who were killed with his wife and children.

Conversation

  • prashant (farrukhabad)
    1/16/2012 10:41:59 AM

    SIR, This Article,about the visit of Maharaja duleep Singh at Fatehgarh in Uttar Pradesh, India,provided me one one of rarest information. Although I have read many books on His life.but I was not aware of this fact.This is some thing very wonderful.Thank you Sir.

  • parveen khan (mumbai)
    3/20/2012 10:13:43 AM

    very excited to see the church since it reminds me the golden days of my school.

  • Ranpreet Bal (canada)
    9/24/2012 8:24:38 AM

    Excellent.

  • Vinod Kumar Rathore (Chandigarh)
    6/11/2011 11:44:09 AM

    I am interested to know more and more about Rani Dukhno .I know that She was daughter of Mian Ghelar Singh and Mian Uttam Singh was her cousin who was Wazir of Mandi State in H.P. Mian Amolak Singh( not Mian Malik) as shown in the article was her uncle.There are so many misconceptions about Rani Dukhno. Actually she belonged to a reputed Rathore Rajput Family of Kangra Distt.

  • Vinod Kumar Rathore (Chandigarh,India)
    6/11/2011 12:23:53 PM

    very nice article.Particularly the information about Rani Dukhno who was the daughter of Mian Ghelar Singh Rathore.Her cousin Mian Uttam Singh Rathore was Wazir of erstwhile Mandi state of H.P. and the name of her uncle was Mian Amolak Singh( not Mian Malik as shown in the article). She belonged to a reputed Rajput famiy of Mandi state which had propertiesin Kangra Distt.too.Their village is situated in the boarder of Mandi and Kangra distts.

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